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            最新考研经济生活词汇大全

            作者:佚名    文章来源:沪江英语    点击数:    更新时间:2009/10/9
            最新考研经济生活词汇大全
            A.
            AA 制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch
            艾滋病 ( 获得性免疫缺损综合征 ) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
            爱丽舍宫 Elysée Palace
            安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families
            按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost
            按揭贷款 mortgage loan
            按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance
            暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly
            暗亏 hidden loss
            澳门大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul
            奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult
            B.
            巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse
            把握大局 grasp the overall situation
            白马王子 Prince Charming
            白色行情表 white sheet
            白色农业 white agriculture (also called "white engineering agriculture"; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)
            白手起家 starting from scratch
            白条 IOU note, IOU: 债款、债务,由 I owe you 的读音缩略转义而来白雪公主 Snow White
            摆架子 put on airs
            摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances
            拜把兄弟 sworn brothers
            拜年 pay New Year call
            搬迁户 relocated families
            半拉子工程 uncompleted project
            棒球运动记者 scribe
            傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags
            包干到户 work contracted to households
            包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash
            包工包料 contract for labor and materials
            保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy
            保持国有股 keep the State-held shares
            保健食品 health-care food
            保理业务 factoring business
            ;ば怨厮 protective tariffs
            保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area
            保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas
            保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings
            报国计划的实施 implementation of Dedicator's Project
            北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank
            本本主义 bookishness
            《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica
            本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip
            本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches
            奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life
            笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start.
            蹦极 bungee, bungee jumping
            避免“大而全”的重复建设 avoid duplicate (duplicated, overlapping) construction of "small and all inclusive projects"
            逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives
            比较经济学 comparative economics
            比上不足,比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst
            闭门羹 given cold-shoulder
            边际报酬 marginal return
            边缘科学 boundary science
            变相涨价 disguised inflation
            便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer
            标书 bidding documents
            表演赛 demonstration match
            剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody
            博彩(业) lottery industry
            博士生 Ph.D candidate
            补缺选举 by-election
            补贴与反补贴措施 subsidies and countervailing measures
            布达拉宫 Potala Palace
            布雷顿森林体系 Bretton Woods system
            不败记录 clean record, spotless record
            不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force
            不打不成交 No discord, no concord.
            不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.
            不分上下的总统选举结果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result
            《不见不散》 Be there or be square.
            不可再生资源 non-renewable resources
            不良贷款 non-performing loan
            不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city
            不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency
            不准打白条 No illegitimate promissory notes (IOUs)
            步行天桥 foot bridge
            C.
            擦边球 edge ball, touch ball
            擦网球 net ball
            采取高姿态 show magnanimity
            采取市场多元化战略 adopt the strategy of a multi-outlet market
            “菜篮子”工程 the "shopping basket' project (program)
            参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs
            沧海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into seas--time brings great changes to the world.
            What was once the sea has now changed into mulberry fields--the world is changing all the time.
            仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket
            草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass)
            层层转包和违法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting
            差额投票 differential voting
            差额选举 competitive election
            茶道 sado
            查房 make/go the rounds of the wards
            拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul
            拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition
            搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value )
            禅 dhyana
            产粮大省 granary province
            产量比 1997 年增加了 2 倍 the output has increased 3 times (registered a 3-fold increase; increased 200%)compared with 1997
            产品结构 product mix
            产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management
            产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order
            产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing
            产业的升级换代 upgrading of industies
            产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure
            长二捆 LM-2E
            长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta
            长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe
            长线产品 product in excessive supply
            厂长经理负责制 the factory director (manager) responsibility system
            畅通工程 "Smooth Traffic Project"
            畅销产品 marketable products; products with good market ;commodities in short supply ; goods in great demand.
            唱高调 mouth high-sounding words
            超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer
            超前消费 overconsuming, excessive consumption
            彻头彻尾的反动政治势力 an out and out reactionary political force
            城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning
            城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年专业人士,附庸风雅,矫揉造作 cutesification ,崇尚竟品至上 boutiqueification ,攀比银行存款 bankification 等摆阔作风,由 middle-aged urban yuppie 缩合而成)
            城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas
            吃大锅饭 egalitarian practice of "everybody eating from the same big pot"
            吃皇粮 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government
            重复建设 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects
            抽杀成功 hit through
            筹备委员会 preparatory committee
            出风头 show off;in the limelight
            出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports
            出口加工区 export processing zones
            出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate
            出口退税 refunding export taxes
            出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports
            出家 pravrajana; cloister
            传销 multi level marketing
            窗口行业 various service trades
            创建卫生城市: build a nationally advanced clean city
            创汇产品 foreign exchange (hard-currency) earning experts
            创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park
            吹风会 (advanced) briefing
            春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program
            春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival
            《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals
            磁悬浮列车 Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train
            刺激内需 stimulate domestic demand
            辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new
            此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.
            从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy
            粗放式管理 extensive management
            促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy
            促进富余人员合理流动 promote a rational flow of surplus personnel
            促进住房商品化 promote the commercialization of housing 存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits
            D.
            达到或接近国际先进水平 reach or approach advanced international standards
            打破地区封锁和行业垄断 break regional blockades and trade monopolies
            " 达标 " 活动 "target hitting" activities
            打白条 issue IOU
            打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering
            打假 crack down on counterfeit goods
            打破僵局 break the deadlock
            打顺手 find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove
            大包干 all-round responsibility system; lump-sum appropriations operation
            大轰动 blockbuster
            大力扣杀 hammer
            大路货 staple goods
            大满贯 grand slam
            大开眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener
            大款 tycoon
            大排挡 sidewalk snack booth; large stall
            大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all
            大胜 white wash
            大腕 top notch
            大卫教 Branch Davidian
            大型电视系列片 , 长篇电视连续剧 maxi-series
            大学生创业 university students' innovative undertaking
            大要案 major and serious criminal cases
            大专生 junior college student
            大专文凭 associate degree
            大藏经 Tripitaka
            呆帐与坏帐 stagnant debts and bad debts ;non performing funds
            带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits
            待岗 await job assignment, post-waiting
            待业 job-waiting
            代职 function in an acting capacity
            单循环制 single round-robin system
            当日指数已 1120 点收盘 the index closed finished ended at 120 on that day
            党群关系 Party-masses relationship
            党政机关 Party and government organizations
            道琼斯工业平均指数飙升至 9580 点 the Dow Jones industrial index average soared to 9580 points
            捣浆糊 give the runaround
            盗版 VCD pirated VCD
            盗打(电话 ) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means
            盗用公款 embezzlement
            单刀赴会 start a solo run
            倒票 speculative reselling of tickets
            倒爷 profiteer
            倒计时 countdown
            等外品 off-grade goods, rejects
            邓小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts
            低调 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach)
            第三产业 third/tertiary industry, service sector, third sequence of enterprises
            第四产业 quaternary/information industry
            第一 / 第二 / 第三产业 the primary/secondary/tertiary industry (the service sector)
            第三代移动电话 (3G 手机 ) third generation mobile; 3G mobile
            第一发球权 first inning
            第一发球员 first server
            第一双打 first pair
            地方;ぶ饕 regional protectionism
            地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances
            地球村 global village
            地区差异 regional disparity
            地热资源 geothermal resources
            地市级城市 prefecture-level city
            点子公司 consultancy company
            电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number
            电话会议 teleconference
            电视直销 TV home shopping
            电子商务认证 e-business certification
            吊球 drop shot
            吊销执照 revoke license
            钉子户 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project
            定向培训 training for specific posts
            “豆腐渣”工程 a jerry-built project
            毒枭 drug trafficker
            毒品走私 drug trafficking
            (state-owned, state) enterprises
            独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise)
            " 渡假外交 " holiday-making diplomacy
            短期债务 floating debt
            断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man)
            对大中型国营企业进行公司制改革 to corporatize large and medium-sized State-owned
            对 ... 毫无顾忌 make no bones about ...
            对冲基金 hedge fund
            对外招商 attract foreign investment
            队长袖标 ( 足球) skipper's armband
            多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power
            多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)
            夺冠 take the crown
            E.
            厄尔尼诺 El Nino
            恶性肿瘤 malignant tumor
            恶性循环 vicious circle
            遏制通货膨胀 curb (check, curtail) the inflation
            F.
            **** Falun Gong Cult
            发行股票、债券 issue shares and bonds
            发扬优良传统 carry forward the fine traditions
            发优惠券以促销 issue discount shopping coupons to promote sales
            发展文学艺术、新闻出版、广播影视 develop literature, the arts, the press, publications, radio, film and television; promote literature and art, the press and publishing, radio, film and television
            发展新兴产业和高技术产业 develop rising and high-tech industries
            发展畜牧业、养殖业、林业 develop animal husbandry (livestock farming), aquaculture and forestry
            反对铺张浪费 oppose/combat extravagance and waste
            反倾销 anti-dumping
            防暴警察 riot police
            防止经济过热 prevent an overheated economy (overheating of the economy)
            防止国有资产流失 prevent the loss (devaluation) of State assets
            防止泡沫经济 avoid a bubble economy too many bubbles in economy)
            分流下岗人员争取再就业 redirect laid-off workers for reemployment
            扶贫、脱贫 poverty reduction and elimination
            妇幼保健 maternity and child care
            G.
            改革开放和现代化建设的总设计师 the chief architect of China's reform, opening and modernization drive
            改进产业结构和产品结构 improve the industrial pattern and product mix
            该公司股票已经上市 the stock of the company have been listed (have gone public, have been launched)
            赶上或超过国际先进水平 catch up with or even surpass advanced world levels
            高举邓小平理论的伟大旗帜 hold high the greater banner of Deng xiaoping Theory
            各族人民 people of all nationalities (all ethnic groups)
            个体户 self-employed households /people
            个人所得税 individual income tax
            个体工商业者 individual industrialists and businessman
            公务员 public servants; civil servants; government functionaries; government employees
            股份合作制 the joint stock cooperative system
            股份制 the joint stock system
            股票热降温了 the stock craze has abated
            股市指数 the stock market (exchange) index
            股市指数突破 1300 点大关 the stock index broke the 1300-poit mark
            股指暴跌,跌幅 7.8% ,以 14.3 元探底 the index slumped 7.8 percent to 14.3 Yuan
            鼓励兼并,规范破产 encourage mergers and standardize bankruptcy procedures
            规模经济,减轻就业压力 to ease the pressure of employment (the employment pressure)
            国防科技 defence-related science and technology
            国际大都市 cosmopolis
            国家指定考试 government-mandated test
            国家主席 / 总理 / 副总理 / 国务委员 / 部长 / 省长 / 厅、局长 / 县长 / 处长 / 科长 / 乡长 / 村民委员会主任 president/premier/vice premier/state councilor/minister/governor/bureau director/county magistrate, county head/department head/ section chief/ head of the township/ chairman of the village committee
            国家公务员制度 the system of public services
            国内生产总值 / 国民生产总值 GDP (Gross Domestic Product)/ GNP (Gross National Product)
            国事访问 a state visit
            恒生指数(香港)宽幅震荡 the Heng Sheng index fluctuated violently
            获薄利 earn (make) narrow profits
            获厚利 earn (make, reap) substantial profits

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